Our version of the fundamental theorem of complex analysis, known as Cauchy’s Theorem can be stated as follows: Theorem 3 Assume fis holomorphic in the simply connected region U. THE CAUCHY INTEGRAL FORMULA AND THE FUNDAMENTAL THEOREM OF ALGEBRA D. ARAPURA 1. The Cauchy-Taylor theorem11 8. That is, we have a formula for all the derivatives, so in particular the derivatives all exist. Then Z f(z)dz= 0 for all closed paths contained in U. I’ll prove it in a somewhat informal way. LECTURE 7: CAUCHY’S THEOREM The analogue of the fundamental theorem of calculus proved in the last lecture says in particular that if a continuous function f has an antiderivative F in a domain D; then R C f(z)dz = 0 for any given closed contour lying entirely on D: Now, two questions arises: 1) Under what conditions on f we can guarantee the Goursat’s theorem5 3. Cauchy’s formula We indicate the proof of the following, as we did in class. the fundamental theorem of calculus. The Cauchy integral formula10 7. It is somewhat remarkable, that in many situations the converse also holds true. Simultaneously, we expect a relation to complex di erentiation, extending the fundamental theorem of single-variable calculus: when f= F0for complex-di erentiable F on open set , it should be that, for any path from z 1 to z 2 inside , Z Teaching the Fundamental Theorem of Calculus: A Historical Reflection - Integration from Cavalieri to Darboux ... Cauchy's definition of continuity [4, Section 2.2, p. 26] would seem to correspond to our definition of uniform continuity, especially if we take at face value his statement in terms of infinitesimals. Cauchy’s integral formula is worth repeating several times. The starting point is the following. Morera’s theorem12 9. By fundamental theorem of calculus, the assumption of the theorem implies that f(z) has a primitive F(z). Cauchy’s Theorem Cauchy’s theorem actually analogue of the second statement of the fundamental theorem of calculus and integration of familiar functions is facilitated by this result In this example, it is observed that is nowhere analytic and so need not be independent of choice of the curve connecting the points 0 and . Theorem 15.4 (Traditional Cauchy Integral Theorem) Assume f isasingle-valued,analyticfunctiononasimply-connectedregionRinthecomplex plane. Theorem \(\PageIndex{1}\) Suppose \(f(z)\) is analytic on a region \(A\). Theorem 4.5. Cauchy’s theorem for homotopic loops7 5. In the next few lectures we will explore this theme, and prove theorems that will form the basis of all that we will accomplish in the rest of the course. the converse of Cauchy’s theorem. Contour integration1 2. Proof. Evaluation of real de nite integrals8 6. 3.Among its consequences is, for example, the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra, which says that every nonconstant complex polynomial has at least one complex zero. Theorem 1.1 (Cauchy). 2.The result itself is known as Cauchy’s Integral Theorem. THE FUNDAMENTAL THEOREMS OF FUNCTION THEORY TSOGTGEREL GANTUMUR Contents 1. THEOREM 1. Let f(z) be an analytic function de ned on a simply connected re-gion Denclosed by a piecewise smooth curve Cgoing once around counterclockwise. Proof. If f(z) is continuous in open UˆC and satisfies Z f(z)dz= 0 for any closed loop ˆU, then f(z) is holomorphic. Local integrability6 4. This follows from Cauchy’s integral formula for derivatives. Considering Theorem 2, all we need to show is that Z f(z)dz= 0 Then I C f (z)dz = 0 whenever C is a simple closed curve in R. It is trivialto show that the traditionalversion follows from the basic version of the Cauchy Theorem. Theorem 3 (Morera’s theorem). Bernd Schroder¨ Louisiana Tech University, College of Engineering and Science The Cauchy Integral Formula So, now we give it for all derivatives f(n)(z) of f. This will include the formula for functions as a special case. Then, \(f\) has derivatives of all order.